While wading (and waiting for that steelhead take!), have you ever wondered how deep your fly is at hangdown? Here's a simple way to calculate it based on sink tip length,

water velocity, and

rule number.

Fly Depth (ft) = 3 x Sink Tip Length (ft) / (Water Velocity (mph) x Rule Number)

For example, suppose you are using 12-feet of rule 6 sink tip in 2 mph water. Then at hangdown, your fly is 3 ft deep, calculated as 3 x 12 / (2 x 6).

For 3 mph water, this formula is virtually exact. Over a wide range other practical fishing conditions (e.g. water velocities from 1 to 5 mph), this formula yields estimates that are accurate to within about 10% of our more-precise

simulator-based calculations.